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Scientific explanation on origin of critical thinking in homo sapiens

Updated: Mar 11, 2023

Critical thinking is the process of analyzing, evaluating, and interpreting information in a systematic and logical way in order to make informed judgments and decisions. The origins of critical thinking in Homo sapiens can be traced back to the evolution of the human brain and the development of complex social structures.

The human brain is highly adaptable and capable of learning and problem-solving, which has given us a unique advantage in the animal kingdom. The evolution of the human brain can be traced back millions of years, but it was during the last 2 million years that significant changes occurred, leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens.

One of the key developments in the evolution of Homo sapiens was the enlargement of the prefrontal cortex, the part of the brain responsible for complex thinking and decision-making. This allowed our ancestors to think more critically and creatively, which helped them to solve problems and adapt to changing environments.

Another important factor in the development of critical thinking was the emergence of complex social structures. As early humans began to live in larger groups, they needed to develop more sophisticated communication skills and a better understanding of their environment in order to survive. This required them to think critically about their surroundings, identify patterns and trends, and make informed decisions based on their observations.

Over time, critical thinking became a crucial survival skill for early humans, and it has remained an essential part of human cognition ever since. As we continue to evolve and develop new technologies, our ability to think critically and adapt to changing circumstances will be more important than ever.

About The author

Gaurav Mandal is a fashion educator and leader, dedicated to inspiring the next generation of design professionals. He is recipient of two national awards from the Indian Government for his contributions to the fashion industry. A NIFT Delhi Gold Medalist fashion designer , he completed his Fashion Marketing master’s degree from Nottingham Trent University, UK. He teaches millions of students through his YouTube Channel and works with several NGO’s for imparting creative education.

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